Abdul kommt aus Lagos, Nigeria und stellt die Energieversorgung in seinem Heimatland vor.
Nigeria is rich in conventional energy resources, which include oil, natural gas, lignite, and coal. It is also well endowed with renewable energy sources such as wood, solar, hydropower, and wind. However, the country suffers from an inadequate supply of usable energy due to the rapidly increasing demand, which is typical of a developing economy. Paradoxically, the country is potentially endowed with sustainable energy resources and for now, there is no nuclear energy production but fossil fuels and hydropower are used for energy production. Also, the main seasonal changes (wet and dry season) in the country influences the price and the supply of hydropower energy, with prices lower and supply regular in wet season and vice-versa. More so, the epileptic energy supply affect many households forcing them to provide their energy supply through diesel generator for unlimited electricity. However, only few households use energy cells that produce electricity from solar power.
In general the idea of expanding the use of renewable energy sources like solar, wind and water is not targeted in the daily political arena with the Government showing little or no commitment. Interestingly, the geographical conditions are good for on- and offshore wind parks as Nigeria is located close to the Atlantic ocean. Furthermore, the solar radiation is very high as Nigeria is close to the equator.
However, to find lasting solution to the energy crises that has plagued the nation for far too long, the Government need to take some expedient actions which include: sustainable investment in different low-carbon energy mix such as wind, solar, hydro- and geothermal; decentralising the energy supply; encouraging local communities to invest in energy production through incentives and; foster international cooperation, capacity development and technical know-how amongst stakeholders for example, incorporating the lessons learnt from the German energiewende.
In addition, efficient use of the already existing energy should be optimized like; effective communication and awareness about energy saving possibilities and reducing energy loss during transmission, could go hand in hand. In conclusion, there is a high potential for a leapfrog into a sustainable low-carbon energy innovations if all the above-mentioned suggestions are put into consideration appropriately!
Text: Abdul Talabi
-studiert „Environmental Management“ an der CAU und interessiert sich für die deutsche Energiewende.